Investigation of relationships between performance measures and self-report measures of impulse control and risky driving on a simulator
Keywords: Young Drivers
Submission Date: 2013
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Young drivers are overrepresented in crash statistics, partly because of their risky driving. Some risky driving results from inexperience and error, but intentional risky driving probably owes more to youth-related factors, such as risk motivation and poor impulse control. Research demonstrating relationships between impulse control and risky driving has typically relied on self-report measures of impulsivity and risky driving. To avoid the concerns with self-reported measurements, a few recent studies have considered relationships of performance measures of response inhibition with driving. However, the results of these studies are somewhat ambiguous. The Hazard Perception Test [HPT] that is used in the licensing procedures in New South Wales [NSW] Australia includes some scenarios that appear to involve impulse control. Performance on these scenarios demonstrates the best prediction of later offenses and crashes, but association with performance during a continuous drive is yet to be assessed. Further investigation of the relationship between performance measures of impulse control and risky driving is warranted.